As the world's leading UREA authority we are committed to the long-term success of this industry - and that means sharing our insight and knowledge.
Closed loop urea and bio fuel production
d for the sustainable production of this biomass i...
FROM UREA TO UAS TO MULTI PRODUCT GRANULATION
ti-product granulation • Modular build-up of granulatio...
Double stripper debottlenecking technology Case Yuntianhua Group Co. Ltd revamp in China
Pool condenser revamp of PIC Kuwait An ambitious revamp case
highlight the revamp capabilities of Stamicarbon, as much in terms of developing the optimum process scheme as in terms of troubleshooting and elegantly solving capacity limitations.
Stamicarbon revamps debottlecking
Stamicarbon Evolve Optimizer
CASE STUDY Converting a Urea Plant from a High into a Low Maintenance
Converting a high maintenance high cost urea plant
wanted interconnections for the minimum of investments. Stamicarbon was asked to come up with options for realizing that aspiration, making maximum use of the existing equipment or – if needed – reusing second-hand HP equipment available from elsewhere within the company. Stamicarbon presented two options, the first based on the customer’s initial revamp ideas, the second on a custom adaptation of Stamicarbon’s EVOLVE FINISHING™ UAN Design. The benefits of the EVOLVE FINISHING™ UAN Design (the second option) over the “conventional” revamp (the first option) were so evident that no further discussion was needed. The project, option 2, is currently being executed. This paper shows that even older plants can be brought up to date for limited investment.
HOW TO OPTIMIZE YOUR PLANT
f publications available, but little data for validation
RECYCLE OF AMMONIUM SALTS FROM ACIDIC SCRUBBING
melt feed to finishing: 75-125 kg/h (165-275 lb/h) What can we do about this ? •Reduction of the ammonia emissions via scrubber technologies •More specifically we will see scrubbing with aqueous acid solutions is used broadly
Revamping concepts for urea plants
rojects: Reference projects (Conventional)
Revamping the lifeline of urea plant
ralChem co-operates in joint research with Moscow State University and Stamicarbon. UralChem is to revamp the urea plant of its subsidiary in Perm, the operating company Mineral Fertilisers OJSC (PMF) Perm
SHARING REVAMPING EXPERIENCES UREA PLANTS
Stamicarbon Evolve optimization solutions
d by Stamicarbon and IPCOS combines the benefits from MPC and Nonlinear optimization of Urea plants into one solution.
Round table discussion inert recycle
The Stamicarbon low energy urea melt plant
and the 1st stage evaporator heater, the steam consumption can be lowered considerably. For instance, for a urea melt plant with prilling as finishing technique, the turbine extraction steam consumption can be lowered from 868 kgsteam/tonproduct to 558 kgsteam/tonproduct. The design challenges for the critical equipment in this low energy concept with respect to corrosion and sizing have been addressed and solved.
EVOLVE EMISSIONS MIcroMist Venturi Scrubber
n with Stamicarbon’s fluidized-bed urea granulation technology. By SpiralMist quenching and accelerating the granulation exhaust gas through MicroMist™ Venturi (MMV) tubes, particulate emissions as low as 10 mg/Nm3 can be achieved. An additional polishing Star Wet Electrostatic Precipitator (Star WESP) can further reduce particulate emissions to as low as 5 mg/Nm3. This paper discloses the fascinating story of the conceptual development, pilot testing, detailed design and fabrication of the Stamicarbon-Envirocare MMV scrubbers for two new grass-root urea granulation plants in the USA.
Acidic scrubbing as solution for NH3 emission from granulations and prilling towers
ine for this discussion by focusing on three key questions: Which acid should preferably be used? Which outlet for the resulting ammonium salt is preferred? Should the dust and NH3 scrubbing be combined in one scrubber?
Ammonia emission reduction combustion technologies
possible ways to eliminate ammonia emissions from continuous emission sources in the urea melt synthesis and purification sections, as well as from discontinuous ammonia emissions during upset conditions. Stamicarbon flare designs and recent innovations with regards to the thermal treatment of ammonia are discussed. Guidelines for a safe design of flares and for a so called “ADVANCE DESIGNTM Thermal Treatment” system are given. The paper highlights and explains the catalytic and non-catalytic combustion technologies offered and elaborates on the pros and cons of these technologies. It is shown that for eliminating continuous ammonia emissions during normal operation, the ADVANCE DESIGNTM Thermal Treatment system offered by Stamicarbon has significant advantages in comparison with flaring. Not only is the environmental impact significantly less; also both investment and operating costs are much lower.
Ammonia emission reduction scrubbing technologies
ily meet the emission levels prescribed by law. Because it recovers waste water for re-use and produces ammonium salts that can be processed and sold, this technology is environmentally friendly in comparison with other cleaning methods that can produce additional emissions (for example, NOx and CO2 in the case of flaring). It has a CAPEX advantage because it requires less infrastructure investment than do other technologies. It requires neither the catalyst needed in SCR (selective catalytic reduction) nor the high operating temperatures and costly construction materials associated with incineration. Last but not least, wet scrubbing is simple to operate and it does not entail the extra safety precautions needed with, for example, flaring.
CO2 production add on for urea revamping
or transporting their product, plant owners are low.
EMISSION ABATEMENT SOLUTIONS WITH UREA PRODUCTION
a emission reduction in the urea finishing section • Key take-aways
Emission legislation relating to urea production
their absence, the current WHO Air Quality Guidelines or comparable guidelines set by other internationally recognized bodies. So there are no globally-applicable emission limits; they differ region by region according to standards set by the local authorities. For the licensor this means that every new project, whether grassroots or revamp, needs a tailor-made approach in close co-operation with the engineering contractor, owner of the facility and local authorities.
From flaring to environmental friendly ammonia firing and that even done in an economical way
o the atmosphere can environmentally wise be benchmarked against the alternatives of incineration, heating and combustion technologies. The paper explains Stamicarbon’s objections regarding the use of flare systems as environmental mitigation strategy in the urea melt plant and clarifies the most environmental and economical sensible solution available in Stamicarbon’s technology portfolio: the thermal treatment and catalytic DeNOX. An example case of a world scale urea plant is used for quantification and the outcome of the paper reveals Stamicarbon’s bridge that connects today to tomorrow.