As the world's leading UREA authority we are committed to the long-term success of this industry - and that means sharing our insight and knowledge.
Zero Waste Urea production
s that are out of specification, intermediates and by-products, all of which normally end up as waste. These waste streams are either dumped in landfills, incinerated, or otherwise wasted, putting a burden on the environment and resulting in a negative economic impact for fertilizer producers.
How rigorously plant modeling can advance your urea business
the LAUNCH phase, grass root plants can apply the models to optimize consumption and emission figures. It allows urea producers to stay competitive with production improvements, monitoring and detection, staff training and full lifecycle support. Further, feedback will be given on the EVOLVE OPTIMIZER™ project at OCI in the Netherlands. This has been in operation since 2012.
Benefits of optimizing basic control loops
who have a thorough knowledge of the dynamic behavior of the process and the spectrum of algorithms which can be implemented in the process control system. The optimization process itself consists of several steps, like setting up a controller performance monitoring system, determining the root cause of poorly performing control loops, fixing potential hardware problems, and tuning the controllers with the proper algorithm and parameters. These well-tuned basic control loops can also act as a solid backbone for model-based advanced process control software like the Stamicarbon EVOLVE OPTIMIZER™, which offers extensive possibilities for stable plant operation and further enhanced economic benefits.
Would Urea enhanced fertilizers be a profitable and viable innovation for Urea producers
the Americas due to mechanization of agriculture. In order to blend a high quality of granular fertilizer it is very important to produce a stable blend where no segregation of mixture occurs. For good bulk blending quality granules containing nutrients like P, K and/ or S are required. For such granules a premium is paid in the market. In some Asian countries like India bulk blending of fertilizers is not an alternative to compound fertilizer because bulk blending fertilizers is forbidden due to quality control issues in these countries.
Urea storage and handling, let's keep caking in the kitchen
has been given to developing and optimizing the synthesis- and recycling-section in the urea plant, that inthe last decade increased attention has been given to developments and optimizations regarding Urea shaping technology (granulation and prilling), whereas over the entire Urea history, also much attention has been given to storage and handling, indicating the importance of product quality, storage and handling. The most important problems occurring in Storage and Handling are directly or indirectly related to (results of) caking, like lump-formation and dusting. Therefore the mechanism of caking of Urea has been made the subject of a paper because we realize that large efforts and considerable amounts of money can be involved with the consequences of caking. In this paper the mechanism of caking via water sorption and desorption is discussed. Especially the caking, spreading through a heap of Urea, observed even in Urea of good quality will be highlighted. This is often caused by moisture migration. The mechanisms of caking are then explained by discussing some examples from practice.
Round table discussion new generation trays
Rotoform urea pastilles - The Sustainable Premium Urea product
How to protect your urea prills against deterioration
ent requirements, but also high standards in respect of its physical properties. This paper will focus on the causes of caking, like formation of crystal bridges serving as contact points between particles and formation of capillary adhesion forming adhesive contacts. Other subjects that will be discussed are: approaches to cake prevention, the action of anti-caking agents, and the methods of applying them. Finally, a new method of rendering prilled urea cake-resistant, based on coating with a novel, high-quality Stamicarbon coating agent named ADVANCE COAT™ Prill Strength, will be introduced.
ADVANCE COAT™ to improve dynamic strength of prills
ss caking, consolidation strength)
Urea reactor dome liner replacement
ctions of the reactor CNO (Carseland Nitrogen Operations) believed that there was only 3mm of original material protecting the carbon steel shell. At the end of 1995 Carseland ordered new liner material for the top dome and the cylindrical section approximately 1 m below the head. Carseland consulted Stamicarbon and potential suppliers of liner material and installation expertise. Carseland decided that for reasons of cost and time it was best placing a new liner overtop of the existing liner in the dome.
Urea process simulator
Tube leakage evaporation heater. The effects and root cause. An experience by Kafco, Bangladesh
on or prilling, it needs to be If the heater is mechanically damaged (leaking tube heat exchanger) also product can contaminate the steam/condensate system and cause corrosion in the carbon steel lines and equipment.
The Full Lifecylce Philosophy
Stamicarbon Services past present and future
ise and strength of Stamicarbon technology.
Stamicarbon service - how to advance your plant performances moscow 2017
ondition o Comply with safety and (new) environmental regulations
Stamicarbon Full Life Cycle Services
Stamicarbon Corrosion in Urea Plants
Short delivery to replace an unreliable HP Scrubber
tem (CCW). The HP Scrubber is equipped with 316 L UG heat exchanger tubes (BC.01 according Stamicarbon Specification A4- 18005). The presence of ammonia in the CCW indicated a leak from tube side (process side) to the shell side (cooling water side). In contrary to the frequent cases of chloride stress corrosion cracks (Cl- SCC) observed in HP Carbamate Condensers, Cl- SCC cracks are seldom observed in HP Scrubbers. The integrity of the said HP Scrubber was compromised, since it was not possible to pinpoint and repair the leak. It was decided by plant management to replace the HP Scrubber as soon as possible. Schoeller Bleckmann Nitec (SBN) in Austria was awarded the contract to supply a new HP Scrubber with a delivery time of only 8 months. Normally a delivery time of 10 to 12 months is anticipated. In order to meet this very short delivery time, SBN and Stamicarbon teamed-up to speed up the engineering and fabrication work. HP Scrubber was transported from Austria to the Middle East by airfreight. In this contribution the difficulty to locate a small leak is described as well as the key issues to manufacture the new HP Scrubber within such short delivery time.
Safety and Product Stewardship in the Fertilizer Industry
duction. At the same time, we must expect that society will focus even more on safety and environmental issues associated with fertilizers, such as Health and safety risks from working in fertilizer plants Major accident risks, to avoid disasters like the explosion in Toulouse Terrorist acts, using fertilizers for bomb-making Pollution risks from the manufacturing processes and from the use of fertilizers Climate change and the role of fertilizers and agriculture Use of limited energy and mineral resources, such as phosphates The public perception of Good Citizenship has changed over the years. Today, many people look upon the chemical industry as a burden to future sustainability. This perception will deepen if the industry has a poor safety and environmental performance. It is vital to perform well and to eliminate bad practices. Otherwise we must expect that much stricter regulations will be enforced upon the industry. In this paper I will focus on the 3 first bullet points above, those that are related to safety and product stewardship, with some practical advice on actions the industry should take in order to be in command and avoiding over-regulation.
Report of the steps description
Panel discussion maintenance & corrosion
Online operational services risks and rewards
role in realizing this vision. Stamicarbon fully …
New Overpressure Protection System for the Urea Synthesis.
long to the so-called accident plants. For these plants it is required that the security is improved constantly. The management wants to constantly improve the environmental-protection andupgrading the technological conditions to increase the production and to save energy.
Hydraulics improvement of synthesis loop for sustainable Urea production at high load
g Bangladesh. It is the first Stamicarbon urea CO2 stripping plant featuring the pool condenser technology, see . In the Kafco-Bangladesh plant, the interconnection between the pool condenser and the reactor is provided by two high pressure (HP) pipelines, a 10” inch liquid and a 10” inch gas line. The plant is commissioned in 1994. After commissioning, operating experience learned that the gas line from the pool condenser to the reactor was sometimes filled with a stagnant liquid level; especially in case of a start-up from a “blocked-in condition“. This resulted in problems with the synthesis hydraulics and limited the maximum plant load to 115%. This problem was mostly overcome after draining of the synthesis loop but causing some environmental problems as well. For a permanent solution to this problem a modification of the HP gas line was implemented during the planned turnaround in 2010.The modification improved the hydraulics of the urea synthesis loop; eliminated gas flow restriction after a “block-in situation” and resulted in an increase of production up to 121% of the design capacity. The 1725 MTPD plant is now able to produce 2100 MTPD.